This is a way of diagramming Japanese sentences which I came up with. The
Ross-Kellogg (line diagram) for English sentences doesn't really work for
Japanese for a number of reasons, hence this Venn Diagram format.
Basically, particles "wrap" the objects they decline, and/or connect them to other objects. Check out the example below:
Note how below I have removed the "layered" approach to the no-delimited modifiers and just make the noes connectors as elsewhere in the diagram. Please note how in both examples the koto wraps the whole main sentence, making it a noun phrase, which can then be used as the object, i.e., declined both as a possessive by the Little Mermaid (Princess) and by making it simultaneously the object of the act of ratting the Little Mermaid out to the king.
Please try to understand how the above works, post questions, even questions about the
actual vocabulary, and I will try to answer them here, and bring questions to
class next time.